State emblem of the Republic of Kazakhstan
The national emblem of the Republic of Kazakhstan has the shape of a circle and is an image of a shanyrak on a blue background, from which the uyks diverge in all directions in the form of sunlight. On the right and left of the shanyrak there are images of mythical winged horses. In the upper part there is a voluminous five-pointed star, and in the lower part there is the inscription “Kazakhstan”. The image of a star, shanyrak, uyks, mythical horses, as well as the inscription “Kazakhstan” – the color of gold.
The authors of the State Emblem of the Republic of Kazakhstan are well-known architects Zhandarbek Malibekov and Shot-Aman Valikhanov.
State flag of the Republic of Kazakhstan
The flag is one of the main symbols of the state, embodying its sovereignty and identity. The term “flag” comes from the Dutch word “vlag.” A flag is a cloth attached to a flagpole or cord of specified sizes and colors, usually with a coat of arms or emblem on it. Since ancient times, the flag has been performing the functions of uniting the people of a country and its identification with a specific state entity.
The national flag of independent Kazakhstan was officially adopted in 1992. Its author is the artist Shaken Niyazbekov.
The national flag of the Republic of Kazakhstan is a rectangular panel of sky-blue color with an image in the center of the sun with rays, under which is a soaring eagle (golden eagle). The pole has a vertical strip with a national ornament. The image of the sun, its rays, eagle and national ornament is the color of gold. The ratio of the width of the flag to its length is 1: 2.
In the traditions of heraldry, each color symbolizes a certain concept. So, sky-blue color symbolizes honesty, fidelity and impeccability. In addition, the sky-blue color has a deep symbolic meaning in the Turkic culture. The ancient Türks always revered the sky as their god-father, and their sky-blue banner symbolized allegiance to the father-ancestor. On the national flag of Kazakhstan, it symbolizes a clear sky, peace and prosperity, and the uniformity of the background is the unity of our country.
Based on the heraldic canons, the sun symbolizes wealth and abundance, life and energy. Therefore, the rays of the sun on the flag of the country are in the form of grain – a symbol of wealth and prosperity. The image of the sun in the state attributes of Kazakhstan confirms its commitment to universal values and suggests that the new young state is full of life-affirming energy and is open to all countries of the world for partnership and cooperation.
The image of an eagle (golden eagle) is one of the main heraldic attributes that have long been used in the coats of arms and flags of many nations. This image is usually perceived as a symbol of power, vision and generosity. The golden eagle soaring under the sun represents the power of the state, its sovereignty and independence, the pursuit of lofty goals and a sustainable future. The image of a golden eagle in the worldview of Eurasian nomads occupies a special place. They associate it with such concepts as freedom and fidelity, dignity and courage, power and purity of thoughts. The stylized silhouette of the golden eagle reflects the desire of the young sovereign state to the heights of world civilization.
An important element of the national flag is a vertical strip with a national ornament located at its flagpole. Kazakh ornament is one of the forms of a specific artistic perception of the world in strict accordance with the aesthetic tastes of the people. Representing the harmony of various forms and lines, it is an expressive means of revealing the inner world of the people. The national ornament along the shaft symbolizes the culture and traditions of the people of Kazakhstan.
National Anthem of the Republic of Kazakhstan
The anthem is one of the main symbols of the state. The term “anthem” itself comes from the Greek word “gimneo” and means “solemn song.” The anthem acts as an important sound symbolism, which is key to effective socio-political consolidation and ethnocultural identification of citizens of the country. In the history of independent Kazakhstan, the country’s national anthem is approved twice in 1992 and 2006. After the republic gained state sovereignty, a competition for the music and lyrics of the anthem of Kazakhstan was announced in 1992. Based on the results of the competition, it was decided to keep music edition of the anthem of the Kazakh SSR Thus, the authors of the music of the first Kazakhstan anthem were Mukan Tulebaev, Evgeny Brusilovsky and Latif Hamidi. .In order to popularize the sound symbolism of the country in 2006, a new national anthem was adopted. Its main feature was the popular patriotic song “Menin Kazakhstan”. It was written in 1956 by Shamshi Kaldayakov to the poems of Zhumeken Najimedenov. To give the song a high status of the national anthem and a more solemn sound, the President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev finalized the original text. The Parliament of Kazakhstan at a joint meeting of the chambers on January 6, 2006 introduced the relevant amendments to the Decree “On State Symbols” and approved the new national anthem of the country.
Words: Zhumeken Najimedenov, Nursultan Nazarbayev
Song written by: Shamshi Kaldayakov